• Capital city : Quito
• Official Languages: Spanish and Quechua
• Government: Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic
• President : Lenin Moreno
• Currency US- Dollar
Location: Straddling the equator in western South America, Ecuador has land in both the Northern and the Southern hemisphere.
It borders Colombia in the north and Peru in the South and the East. The Pacific Ocean is Ecuador’s western border. The land area totals 283.560km²,including the Galapagos Islands. The border with Colombia is 590km. and with Peru 1.420km.
It has coast line of 2.237km. The “Mitad del Mundo –Center of the world” is where the equator crosses Ecuador at latitude 0°0°0
Society: Ecuador’s mainstream culture is defined by Ecuador’s “mestizo” majority, which is a mixture of European and Amerindian influences infused with African elements inherited from slave ancestors. Ecuador is a multiethnic and multicultural country with a population of about 15 million people. Although Ecuador’s official language is Spanish, 11 other indigenous languages are spoken. The principle indigenous language of the highlands is Quechua.